Black Hole Information Or Information Paradox

In the last article, we have understood the concept of “Entropy.” In this article, let us understand the concept of the Information paradox

One of the unsolved mystery in science is the “Black Hole Information Paradox.” To understand this, we need to understand a few terms of physics.

Quantum Physics: Quantum physics is the study of matter and energy at its most fundamental level. To know more on quantum physics, click here.

Black Holes: A black hole is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, no particles or even light can escape. To know more on black holes, click here.

Event Horizon: It is the boundary surrounding the region of space of a black hole from which nothing (not even light) can escape.

Hawking’s Radiation: It is thermal radiation black holes emit, due to quantum effects near the event horizon.

As we all know, everything in this universe is made of matter. If we divide matter into the smallest particles we get subatomic particles. They are the building blocks of everything in this universe.

Let us take an object, for example, any flammable substance. No matter how much you burn it, the quantum level of the substance remains the same in the universe. It stays in some or the other form.

There is a vital law of physics here ” The total amount of quantum information in the universe must be conserved.” Theoretically, knowledge of that information will help us recreate the substance again.
When an object falls into the black hole, it seems that it leaves the universe.

The object might be in the black hole. Theoretical proofs suggest that the objects quantum information might be present in the event horizon of the black hole. As the black holes’ mass increases by taking in the objects, the area of the black hole. Therefore the event horizon increases.

According to Hawking’s radiation, black holes evaporate gradually over time. Black holes loose mass, as they discard particles from the event horizon. Hawkings radiation shows that the particles that come out from the event horizon are not the same that has entered.

As the black hole evaporates completely, we do not have any information on the particles that have entered the black hole. This is the information paradox of black hole. Till now there is no exact proof for this paradox.

Entropy: Understanding And Importance Of It.

In the last science article, we have understood the concept of Particle Physics. In this article, we will understand the concept of “Entropy” and the Importance of it. 

Entropy: In simple terms, the entropy of a system is the measure of the amount of energy that cannot do work. It is a measurable physical characteristic generally associated with a state of disorder, randomness, or uncertainty in science terms.

The concept of entropy presents a deep insight into the area of natural change for various daily events. Not only in science, but entropy also helps us to understand the day to day events of our life.

The entropy concept was introduced by a German Scientist named “Rudolf Clausius” in the year 1865. Entropy came into existence to tackle a mathematical formulation to explain a body changes through heat transfer between that body and different environments.

Entropy applies to every part of our lives. It is inescapable, and even if we try to ignore it, the result is a breakdown of some kind. Indeed understanding entropy guides to a drastic difference in the way we see the universe.

Entropy also paved the way to one of the most Significant laws of physics. Entropy is one of the vital parts of “Second Law Of Thermodynamics.”

Second Law Of Thermodynamics: The second law states that “The total change in entropy of a system and its surroundings will always increase spontaneously.”

In simple terms, if no energy enters or leaves the system in all energy transfers, the state’s potential energy will always be less than that of the original state.

Applications Of Entropy:

  1. Understanding the surface time contributions of string theory. To learn more about string theory, click here.
  2. Measuring and manipulating the system based on the data gathered by computation in quantum physics. To learn more about quantum physics, click here. 
  3. Understanding the concept of Entropic Gravity to understand the concepts of relativity. To learn more about concepts of relativity, click here.
  4. Studying how dark matter is distributed among galaxies. To learn more about dark matter and dark energy, click here.
  5. Calculating why positrons repel each other in antimatter. To learn more about antimatter, click here.
  6. Studying the laws of thermodynamics on the event horizons of black holes. To learn more about black holes, click here.
  7. Grasping the gravitational properties of exotic properties in wormholes. To learn more about wormholes, click here.
  8. Learning why system leads to disorder in chaos theory. To learn more about chaos theory, click here.
  9. Deriving the concepts of particle position in particle physics. To learn more about particle physics, click here.
  10. Understanding deeply about civilizations on the Kardashev scale. To learn more about the Kardashev scale, click here.
  11. Learning on how a car runs by converting fuel into heat.
  12. To transmit a message via any channel. 
  13. The digestion of food, the digestion, is how food converts to energy for the body.

Thus the concept of entropy is very very important to understand many concepts of physics and real life.

Learning From The Best: Feynman’s Method Of Learning.

In modern life, where we have an imaginary race with time, learning the things we want to has become difficult. One of my physics hero “Richard P Feynman” has got a technique to learn things in a speedy yet efficient way.

Richard P Feynman was one of the best physicist known to the world. He won a Nobel prize for fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics in the year 1965. If you want to learn more about quantum physics, click here.

Feynman is also known as the “Great Explainer” in the realm of science. When a person is a great explainer, his learning technique must be excellent. I have personally used this technique, and the results I have been getting are fantastic.  

Feynman’s technique is not just to learn maths or science. The method can be used to learn anything fastly and very efficiently. There are four steps involved in this technique, and they are as follows.

1.Write Down The Subject: Take a paper or any smart device (Laptop or a phone), and write the title. After that, write everything you know about the topic. If you find new information, keep adding to your topic. Make 

sure to include as much important information as possible.

2.Teach It To A Kid: This is one of the most essential and exciting steps of this technique. Note down as much as you can and teach the concept to the kids. If you do not have any toddler, make your brain a six-year-old one and start teaching it.

Teaching kids has many implications, and that has many advantages. One of them is attention span; kids have the least attention span possible. So you can treat the explanation as an elevator pitch and explain the concept in as less time as possible.  

kids also ask many questions when they learn or see something. By getting more questions, you will research more on the subject to find answers. By doing that, you will understand it deeply and cover all the basics.

3. Identify The Gaps: This is the time where the actual learning starts. Identify all the gaps like what did you miss? What didn’t you know? So on and so forth. Identify all the gaps that are missing in your learning and make a list. After this, go back to your sources, find answers for them and keep repeating until you are convinced. 

4. Organise And Simplify: After identifying and filling the gaps, organise all your learning. In the next step, simplify the language of the notes you have written. If you can express the concept, you have learnt in the simplest words possible, my friend you have learnt it through and through. 

The above method is Feynman’s technique of learning anything. As I said above, I have been using this since the past few weeks, and I got some fantastic results. If you have any other methods, do let us know by emailing us or messaging us on any of our social media platforms.

Before we end, I wanted to wish you all a very Happy New Year from my friends and me at Penfluky. Stay safe, be smart, keep an eye on your loves ones and happy learning. 

Learn poetry writing with these simple steps

Poetry, a beautiful form of writing which everyone adores, right? Sounds intellectual, feels lovely! Oh, what a wonder is a poetry!

Oops! I started writing poetry by mistake 😃. Once one starts writing poetry it’s hard to stop. Because once we explore the beauty of poetry, it is hard to ignore. True that, who am I to tell this?

To begin with, I am definitely not a brilliant writer but I have been writing poetry for many years now. That being said, I think I can share you some of my personal tips, if you are willing to write an amazing poetry, especially for beginners.

So, let’s get into the topic. Firstly, to write anything, it is important that we understand what form and tone of writing is ours. One definitely can experiment with these but there might be something that is your strong point. Utilise the same to create a poetry. But if we do not write one before knowing the tone, how can we even explore what’s our style?

I meant to say that you may write small phrases or stories or quotes or anything else so that you can understand what your style is.

Now that you know what your style is, sit and start writing something.

What do I write about?

If you are a beginner, keep it simple! You don’t have to write brilliant things to make your poetry wonderful. Poetry is about emotions and opinions. In laymen words, if you are willing to write about feeling dizzy, make sure your readers also feel dizzy when they are reading your poetry.

How to write a poetry?

There is a misconception that if you are writing a poetry, it has to rhyme on every sentence. But that’s not true. You must definitely read about different forms of poetry writing to understand this part.

Simple tips to write a poetry

This all sounded a little easier said than done type right? Don’t worry, I have got you covered!

Remember these points while you are a poetry

Avoid writing cliches!

Make it understandable

Keep it creative

Use the magic of words

Play with the imagination of reader

Keep your motive clear

It is definitely not as simple as it sounds but once you get your flow, nothing can stop you.

One shall definitely make mistakes but remember there is nothing like a perfect piece of writing!

To learn more about content writing, read this

How to write an effective article?

Writing an effective article is every blogger’s dream. Though many people want to write, only a few can ace the skill. And there’s a reason for it. You might have been writing for many weeks now, but still, you don’t think your article is an amazing piece to read. Believe me; every writer will feel the same, unless and until he finds out the tips on how to write an effective article.

Let me keep this simple for you. There is a simple framework to write an effective article. In this article, I will explain to you what is that framework and how you can use it in your write-ups to make an SEO-friendly article.


How to write an effective article- framewrok

Now that you see the framework in the image, you must be able to understand that it takes a certain amount of effort to frame your article. But when you follow this framework, you will surely be able to see the difference the framework makes on your article.

Why should one follow the framework?

Everyone wants things sorted. No one likes to spend a lot of time understanding what we wrote. When we follow the framework, it becomes easy for the reader to understand the context of the article, and it might drive his interest to read the article until the end.

Will this make my article SEO-friendly?

No, there are a lot of SEO rules that we need to understand to make our content SEO-friendly. But, I will explain to you in-brief what can be done. Follow these tips to make your article SEO-friendly.

  1. Chose a focus keyphrase. It would be best if you chose a word or a fragment which you would want the reader to focus on. Make sure you use the key phrase at least 2-5% of your content. Make sure you include it in your title, sub-headings, introduction and meta-description.
  2. Length of the article. Too short or too long can make your article boring. So make sure your content stays between 300-1500 words. If you think, the content is big; you can write the topic in two parts by linking them to each other.
  3. Linking of the other content. Use links related to other articles to grab viewer’s attention. You can use the links of other websites too!
  4. Make sure your article is friendly and easy to read. Good vocabulary that is easy to understand won’t hurt! Make sure your grammar and spellings are on point.
  5. Use images that are relevant to your content and see if you can use alternative text for the same (alt-text).

Keep in mind that whatever topic you chose to write, you should have a clear opinion about that. Though our opinions change with time, the change should occur under a certain logic. Another persons’ opinion should never influence yours just because that person is well-spoken. When you try to project someone else’s opinions in your articles just because it is getting eyeballs, you lost yourself already! A writer should always have a clear mind while writing things and that’s what makes the best writer.

Though it is pretty much clear for you now on how to write an effective article, you might still face problems while writing. It is okay! You remember that quote, “Rome wasn’t built in a day” right?

You can also read, how to grow the SEO of your website with latest trends in 2020!

Harappan civilization, THE Ancient Indian culture

India, a country which is rich in its heritage and culture. Thinking about Indian history, my mind quickly jumps into the ancient urban civilizations of India, one of which is Indus Valley civilization or Harappan civilization.

Indus Valley Civilization-

harappan civilization

It dated back in 7000-600 BC. It was first found in Harappa in Punjab region in 1921, hence, Harappan civilization. Later, it was also found in Mohenjodaro in 1922 near Indus river.

The civilization was beautifully constructed in 1500 km. The animals like elephants, pigs, cattle, dogs, fowl, camels and buffalo were domesticated. The script of Harappan civilization is called Dravidian script and hence, people were called Dravidians. They used to grow wheat, barley, mustard, sesame, some stones of date, and cotton for survival.


harappan civilization seals

The cities have shown incredible artefacts like small seals which were made with a type of talc called steatite. The dancing girl and beard man artefacts are quite famous from the remains of Harappan civilization. These seals are generally assumed to have been used for identification.

The decline of Harappan Civilization-

Both cities, Harappa and Mohenjodaro have been flooded quite many times before their decline. They have been devastated economically before they were attacked. The history shows that they have been attacked by some white-skinned people who priorly were considered Aryans. But the fact that Aryans have fled peacefully ruled out this theory. Anyway, the cities were already in decline, so it was evident that they are going to fall.

Coming to culture, it is expected that they used to worship a female deity as for pregnant women and a male as for wild animals. Apart from that, there are no shreds of evidence of any temples. The metals like Copper, Gold, and Silver were available which were either imported or already available. These cities were identified as world heritage and still remain in the regions of Pakistan.

Dangerous Kitchen And Food Practices That We Need To Stop!

You might be having a good day or a bad day. You might be depressed or delighted. You might be having a stressful day ahead or an easy-going one; the only thing that can make you smile after a human contact is “food.”

 If you are sad, it makes you feel better. If you are happy, it doubles your happiness. In this article, let us learn about some dangerous kitchen and food practices that we follow every day and how can we stop them, so that we can be happy and healthy.

Using Separate Cutting Boards:

Most of us use the same cutting board for vegetables, fruits, raw meat, cooked meat etc. Never do this, this very harmful and wrong practice. If you use the same board for cooked and raw meat, there is a big chance of cross-contamination of food.

If you use the same board for cutting fruits and vegetables for your salad and resting the raw meat, there is a significant chance that the bacteria in the meat will enter the salad and cause severe health issues. Use separate boards to keep it clean and efficient.

Preheating The Cooking Utensil Correctly:

The typical cooking mistake is not preheating the pan cooking utensil correctly before you start cooking. By not preheating correctly, it delays the process of cooking and even leads to serving raw food.

It is very dangerous, mainly when you are cooking meat or mushrooms. They cause food poisoning, and even there are cases of intestine damage. So preheat the pan correctly before you start cooking.  

Stirring Or Turning The Food Too Often:

It is a classic rookie mistake we all make, checking the food and stirring it often. Many experts chefs say ” stir occasionally” don’t stir frequently. By stirring food frequently there will be a huge quality issue to the food. It may stick to the bottom of the pot, may not cook properly, may lose the flavour and even remain uncooked. Let the food settle down; don’t stir it frequently.

Turning the food frequently, especially meat, omelettes, pancakes, etc., can make it undercook or overcook it. By this, it may be undercooked, lose its texture, lose its flavour, lose its texture, and maybe burnt. Please don’t turn it frequently; let it cook entirely so that it can be healthy and delicious. 

Don’t Eat Hot Food In Plastic Plates: 

Most of us don’t consider this seriously, but this is very important, we should try to avoid plastic, plates, cups etc. for hot foods. Some of the chemicals are harmful to the human body, such as BPA (bisphenol-A) and phthalates. BPA, mainly found in a type of plastic called polycarbonate.

They interact with hot food, which we consume them, and it causes severe health problems. It can lead it various types of cancers, heart diseases and sometimes organ failure. Never consume hot foods in plastic containers. 

In the end, if we avoid the things above we can be safe and keep our loves one safe.

Computational Intelligence and its Applications.

In the modern world, there is a huge impact of technology in our day to day activities. Smart devices have become a part of us, and life becomes very complicated at times without these devices. The concepts of artificial intelligence have become intriguing, and many of us are showing keen interest in the same. In this article, let us try to understand computational intelligence and what are its applications in day to day life.

Computational Intelligence:
It is a process of computing which gives approximate solutions to complex problems. Therefore, it is useful to find solutions for problems which are very time-consuming and move forward. It is also referred to as a synonym to “Soft Computing.” In a vast perspective, it represents the branch of science and engineering concerned with making computers behave like humans.

The main principles of computer intelligence: There are five main important concepts of computer intelligence. Lets us learn them on by one.

  1. Fuzzy Logic: In simple terms, Fuzzy logic algorithm helps to solve a problem after considering all available data. Then it takes the best possible decision for the given input.
  2. Neural networks: In simple terms, the neural network is a series of algorithms that tries to recognize relationships in a set of data through a process that imitates the way of a human brain.
  3. Evolutionary computation: In evolutionary computation, the process of natural evolution (formulated by Charles Darwin) is used as a role model for a strategy for finding optimal or near-optimal solutions for a given problem.
  4. Learning theory: This can be used to bring reasoning of a computer to “Human reasoning level.”In psychology, learning is the process of bringing together cognitive, emotional and environmental effects and experiences to acquire, enhance or change knowledge, skills, values and world views.
  5. Probabilistic methods: Probabilistic methods bring out the possible solutions to a reasoning problem, based on prior knowledge. aim to evaluate the outcomes of a Computation Intelligent system, mostly by randomness.

Applications of computational intelligence: The applications are as follows.

1. Medical: The computer in this has precise moments, more accurate than a surgeon’s hands, which might increase the difficulty in performing procedures under high power microscopic magnification. Examples of such procedures now being performed that was extremely difficult if not impossible before this technology is fallopian tube repair in women, microsurgery on the fetus, and minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery.
2. Farming: For conventional row farming, where machines such as harvesters and combines are being used for a long time. Using the methods of computational intelligence, German tractor maker Fendt has developed a radio-and-GPS system that allows a driverless tractor to follow the lead of an operated one as they make their way around the fields, doubling the output.
3. Industries: The growing sophistication of sensors will make the interaction between mechanical and live workers safe and feasible. Robots such as Baxter, from Rethink Robotics, can work side by side with humans, rather than in areas. Employees will continue to perform tasks that require human judgment, while mechanical helpers take on functions that require endurance or involve hazards such as heat, cold and exposure to chemicals. Robots will lift and move heavy objects.
4. Food Preparation: Food processing is open to robotic replacement. Scientists at the Georgia Tech Research Institute are developing a robotic system that can debone a chicken. With a 3-D vision system, the robot can adapt to different sizes of birds. It uses a feedback system to sense the junction of ligament and bone, thereby reducing the hazard of bone chips.
5. Class Rooms: Humanoid robots will go to the head of the class, taking telelearning to new frontiers. For example, English instruction is in high demand in Asian countries such as South Korea. Enter Engkey, a robot developed by South Korea’s Center for Intelligent Robotics. Engkey teaches elementary school students pronunciation (and sings and dances). Human teachers in the classroom help facilitate Engkey’s interactions. In the Philippines, Engkey’s voice and motions are driven by a native speaker of English. The robot costs are substantially less than paying native English teachers to live and work in South Korea.
6. Military: The four-legged “mule” easily negotiates rocks and divots in the road and field. It is intended to follow a military unit of soldiers autonomously, catching up with the unit on field forays with supplies and allowing them to recharge batteries from its onboard power source. In the field, it’s surprisingly quiet an important characteristic on a secret mission. Future versions of the pack mule will be able to interpret verbal and visual commands.
7. Space Exploration: The research in robots exploring space has made a serious and positive inroad exploration of space. The major problems of human loss in space, higher temperatures, zero gravity has come to an end by using robots in space exploration. Therefore the invention of robots in space exploration not only gave safety but also accelerated the work to the maximum possible extent.


In the last article, we have understood the concept of quantum physics, and how it explains the laws of the universe. In this article let us learn the theory of relativity which brought a massive revolution in modern physics.

Before that we need to know how and who came with this idea. Albert Einstein came up with the ideas of theory of relativity. One day when he was working as a patent clerk at Bern, finished his work and boarded a tramp car on his way home. He used to finish his work as soon possible so that he can contemplate the truths of the the universe. In his free time, he used to think of different experiments for the better understanding of the universe.

That day, he devised one experiment on that tramp car which changed modern physics forever. While travelling in the tramp car, Einstein saw a clock tower, and he is moving away from it. He imagined what would happen if the tramp car would move with the speed of light? The speed of light is 186,000 miles per second; he realised if he travelled at that speed, the clock’s hands would appear to be completely frozen. At the same time, he knew that back the clock tower the hands would tick along with normal pace. Time has slowed for Einstein.

This thought blew his mind; he concluded that the faster you move in space, the slower you move through time. His work was heavily influenced by two of the great physicists of all time. First, the “laws of motion by” “Sir Isaac Newton” and second by the “laws of electromagnetism” by “James Clerk Maxwell.” According to the laws of motion, velocities are always relative. For example, imagine a train travelling at 50 kilometres per hour. The speed of the train is 50 Kilometers per hour for someone at rest. It is only 30 kilometres per hour if another train is travelling with respect to this train and in same direction with a speed of 20 kilometers per hour.

This is true for the earth, sun, Milky Way galaxy and other galaxies. According to Maxwell, the speed of an electromagnetic wave(in this case light) is constant, regardless of the observer. If we take Newton’s laws into this, there is a clash, according to newton the velocity and speed are relative but the speed of light is constant regardless of the observer. Thus Einstein proposed his “Special Relativity theory” in 1905.

Special Relativity Theory: There are two postulates of special relativity.

1. The laws of physics take the same form in all inertial frames of reference.
2. As measured in any inertial frame of reference, light is always propagated in space with a definite velocity “c” that is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body. Or: the speed of light in free space has the same value “c” in all inertial frames of reference.

Pictorial representation of Special relativity.

The first postulate says that the laws of physics are the same for the person who is in moving in constant velocity or at rest. If we apply any laws of physics the results will be the same. The second postulate is very explanatory.

Mass–energy equivalence: Mass-energy equivalence states that the total mass of a system may change, although the total energy and momentum remain constant. In simple words,  mass can be converted into energy and visa-versa.


Where E = Energy.
M = Mass.
C = Speed of Light.

Applications of special relativity: There are many applications of some of the important ones are GPS (Global Positioning System), Cathode-ray tubes (Old Television screens), modern computer chips and most important of all, by the concept of “Energy – Mass equivalence” was essential for the development of “nuclear fission” and “nuclear fusion” which are used in all nuclear plants.

So we understood the concept of special relativity, now let us understand the concept of general relativity. Before that, we need to understand the back story of the same.

Again back to Einstein and his brilliant imagination. One day he was observing a window washer on a ladder from his office. He imagined what would happen if the washer fell, for most of us it is a horror story which will never end will. But Einstein thought it differently, he imagined himself in the place of the washer while falling. He didn’t imagine what would happen if he hits the ground but imagined what he would experience while falling.

He realised that gravity was the only force acting on him while he was falling and accelerating towards the ground. Without the wind resistance, he would be free in fall, which is no different from being weightless as the ground is not coming up. This is nothing, but he is falling in space where there is zero gravity. He wanted to connect gravity to his theory of relativity through acceleration.

Einstein imagined a room without windows and it has a weighing scale and checked his weight, it would be constant at any point on the earth. Now he imagined the room is in a spaceship, which is moving upward with a speed of 9.8 meters per second which the speed of acceleration due to gravity on earth. Now, what would happen if he stepped on the scale? The weight should be the same as the space ship is accelerating upwards with the same speed that of acceleration due to gravity but this time it is upwards.

Einstein thought about telling the difference between acceleration and gravity, now he imagined shooting a light or laser beam from one point of the room to the other while the spaceship is moving upwards. He saw that the light is bent while moving from one point to another. The size of the light would be lower compared to the projection point. This is because the room is moving upwards with a speed of 9.8 meters per second. The light beam would appear a bit curved downward.

However if you are on earth, you wont see this phenomena. The projection point and the projected points height would be the same. Einstein thought why is this different as it would the equivalence of gravity. The force is constant while it is upwards or downwards. He thought light must bend under the influence of a gravitational field, but how could this be possible as the light always takes the shortest path. May be the shortest point between two points is a curve?

Imagine earth which is spherical in shape, the surface if the earth is never a straight line, it is always a curve. So may be the gravitation causes the curvature of space somehow. He hypothesized may be the straight line is not the shortest path in space, with the presence of mass and energy space somehow becomes curved. This is again different from Newton’s hypothesis in which space and time are fixed. In Newton’s model, gravity acted within space and time.

Einstein’s theory was gravity emerges when there is an interaction between space and time. This is General Relativity in a nutshell.

General Relativity: The central idea of general relativity is that space and time are two aspects of spacetime. Spacetime is curved when there is matter, energy, and momentum resulting in what we perceive as gravity.

Pictorial representation of general relativity.

Spacetime: Space-time is a mathematical model that joins space and time into a single idea called a continuum.

Pictorial representation of spacetime.

Applications of general relativity: It can explain why planets revolve around in their orbits, why light bends at blackholes, correcting high precision clocks on satellites, gravitational lensing in astronomy, and a large variety of corrected astrophysics calculations.

LOCKDOWN READING: good books that makes your time fly!

It’s already been seven month of lockdown and obviously most of us got bored of watching series. Many are searching for the good books to catchup in the lockdown. Reading is one of the best methods to ease your mind and plunge into an all-encompassing story. Whether it’s before the bed to relax or throughout your day to fill the time, reading is an enjoyable hobby that everyone can partake. Let’s dive into some interesting books you can give a try in the lockdown. With some ancient, some latest, and some in-between, you will be able to find an excellent literary option for your flavors.

Steal Like an Artist:

Best Books 2020 - 6

“Steal Like an Artist” by Austin is essential and required reading for all the artists, despite the type of art you create. This eye-catching little book, visually stimulating read, “Steal Like an Artist” is an excellent pick. This square book makes a perfect addition to any coffee table with its attractive, minimalist look and small size. It’s one of the best-picked books of 2020 with its hopeful message. Moreover, It’s a quick read that you can complete in one session, but the advice and ideas it holds will stay with you long after you have set it down.

Some of the Austin’s ideas will validate on what you’re already doing; some will stimulate you to change a creative practice centrally; others will encourage you to grab a notebook and get to act immediately.

Sita’s Sister:

Image result for sita's sister book images

“Sita’s Sister” from the Indian author Kavita Kane, is about Urmila, the ignored wife of Lakshman, Sita’s sister and one of the most excused characters in the Ramayana. It is a brave re-creation of mythology, which presents us with a subaltern perspective. It seems to be addressed in response to Lakshman’s question – “O Urmila! Will the world ever know of your emotional pain, your eternal sacrifice?” yet it is not just her variant.

It goes with a brilliant narration about the best rendition to Ramayan from the worst-hit woman of Ramayan. Urmila has got all in her as tones, muted over the canvas of living. She is portrayed as a fierce princess in love, joyful bride, anxious wife and determined woman who did not try to impose herself on her husband to become his distraction.

If you are in search of knowing the stories of some overlooked female characters in mythology then books by Kavita are the best suggestions to catchup in the lockdown.

State Of Wonder:

books to read during lockdown

“State Of Wonder” by Ann Patchett is the novel that makes you refuse to move until you finish the entire chapter even though you made your mind not to get deep into it.

It feels mystical when a story takes you into the intensities of the Amazon rain forest of Brazil, where the civilization doesn’t exist ( tribes and their cultures are what does). Moreover, it becomes much interesting because it all about the two doctors, both females are entwined in a medical research mystery. Though the end was a bit rushed, the entire story is so dazzling, and it’s like a meaty collection of ethical questions.

*This book is shortlisted for orange books 2012.

A Man Called Ove:

Image result for a man called ove book images

If you feel like catching up with a book of comedy and solitude, then the best choice would be “A Man Called Ove” by Fredrik Backman. It all about how an irritable yet loveable man finds his solitary world changed on its head when a boisterous modern family moves in next door. Fredrik explains on the point of “how healing can happen with the strangest people in the strangest ways”, in a fantastic way!

Born a Crime:

books to read during lockdown

“Born a Crime” by Trevor Noah, is about his life growing up as a mixed-race child in pre-apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa. It also includes the story of that child’s relationship with his bold, revolutionary, and fervently religious mother; whose is his teammate so determined to save her son from the circle of violence, poverty and abuse. It gives insights of abusement during apartheid as marriage, and sexual relations between black and white South Africans were illegal.

But in the end, be prepared to fall just a little bit in love with his loving mother. And one can easily believe that “the quickest and impactful way to bridge the race gap is by the language” after reading this book.

These are few suggestions and yet more to come in future. It’s your turn to catch up with these good reads to make your day go smoothly with a little warmth, little love, little sadness, comedy and finally a wholesome peace of mind.