SIMPLE UNDERSTANDING OF THE COMPLEX UNIVERSE PART-10.

In the last article, we have learnt the concept of “Particle Physics”. In this article, lets study the concept of “Kardashev Scale.”

We as a human race has faced many disasters and calamities. Natural calamities like earthquakes, floods, volcanos etc., Therefore, it is safe to assume that our ancestors have struggled a lot.

There are also good things that are going for us. Good things like space exploration, mars rover, vaccines and medication for few deadly diseases etc. We were successful to use science for our luxury and development.

What if, there was a scale to track the development of science and the chaos caused in the world. A scale would be awesome to measure it. One of the scales is “Kardashev Scale.”

Kardashev Scale: The Kardashev scale is a  hypothetical scale for measuring a civilization’s technological advancement based on the amount of energy it has available to it. In other words, the Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization’s level of technological advancement based on the amount of energy they can use.

In 1964 a Russian Astronomer named “Nikolai Kardashev” came up with this idea. He theorized that a civilization’s technical advancement runs parallel to the amount of energy that the civilization is able to harness and manipulate. Therefore, the more energy that a society can produce, the more technologically advanced they are.

The formula of the scale is K = (log10[P] – 6) / 10

Where K = Civilization’s Kardashev.
P = Power It Uses, In Watts.

Currently we are 0.7 on the scale. By using the above formula, Kardashev defined three types of Civilizations. They are,

Type 1: If we can use the energy of the entire planet then we are on Type 1 civilization of the Kardashev Scale. In other words, we must be able to use all the energy that is produced on our home planet.

Type 2: If we can use the energy produced by a Star, then we are in Type2 civilization of the Kardashev Scale. In other words, we would be colonizing stars and other planets and start living on them.

Type 3: If we can use the energy produced by a galaxy, then we are in Type 3 civilization of the Kardashev Scale. Man, that is a lot of energy!

Kardashev gave only three types of civilization. However, using the formula given by him, scientists were able to create four more. They are.

Type 4: If we can the energy produced by the universe, then we are in Type 4 civilization of the Kardashev Scale. Just imagine, the energy produced by the entire Universe! Goosebumps isn’t it?

Type 5: If we can use the energy produced by multiverses, then we are in Type 5 civilization of the Kardashev Scale. You will have the ability to jump around all the universes and have fun!

Type 6: This civilization is outside of the realm of science. If you are able to control space , time , create universes for fun then we are in Type 6 civilization of Kardashev Scale. It’s crazy isn’t it?

Type 7: This is like omnipresent and omnipotent. You can do anything, there are no limits. Here is the only imagination is your limit to imagine. There are no boundaries.

The Kardashev Scale is one of the important theory to conceptualize the future of Science.

Harappan civilization, THE Ancient Indian culture

India, a country which is rich in its heritage and culture. Thinking about Indian history, my mind quickly jumps into the ancient urban civilizations of India, one of which is Indus Valley civilization or Harappan civilization.

Indus Valley Civilization-

It dated back in 7000-600 BC. It was first found in Harappa in Punjab region in 1921, hence, Harappan civilization. Later, it was also found in Mohenjodaro in 1922 near Indus river.

The civilization was beautifully constructed in 1500 km. The animals like elephants, pigs, cattle, dogs, fowl, camels and buffalo were domesticated. The script of Harappan civilization is called Dravidian script and hence, people were called Dravidians. They used to grow wheat, barley, mustard, sesame, some stones of date, and cotton for survival.

Artefacts-

The cities have shown incredible artefacts like small seals which were made with a type of talc called steatite. The dancing girl and beard man artefacts are quite famous from the remains of Harappan civilization. These seals are generally assumed to have been used for identification.

The decline of Harappan Civilization-

Both cities, Harappa and Mohenjodaro have been flooded quite many times before their decline. They have been devastated economically before they were attacked. The history shows that they have been attacked by some white-skinned people who priorly were considered Aryans. But the fact that Aryans have fled peacefully ruled out this theory. Anyway, the cities were already in decline, so it was evident that they are going to fall.

Coming to culture, it is expected that they used to worship a female deity as for pregnant women and a male as for wild animals. Apart from that, there are no shreds of evidence of any temples. The metals like Copper, Gold, and Silver were available which were either imported or already available. These cities were identified as world heritage and still remain in the regions of Pakistan.