Simple Understanding Of The Complex Universe Part-9.

In the last article, we have learnt about “Chaos Theory”. In this article let us learn the concept of “Particle physics.”

Particle physics: Particle physics is a branch of physics that deals with properties and behaviour of elementary particles. In other words, Particle physics is a branch of physics that studies the nature of the particles that constitute matter and radiation.

The other name for this is “High energy physics”. In our schooling, we have learnt that subatomic particles are protons, neutrons and electrons. These cannot be classified any further. However, after many experiments, the elementary particles are classified further. According to the Standard Model of physics, there are three types of main particles.

Elementary Particles.

  1. Quarks.
  2. Leptons.
  3. Bosons.

1.Quarks: Quark is a fundamental constituent of matter. These quarks combine to produce composite particles called “hadrons.”

Hadrons: These are the most massive particles. It is composed of two or more quarks that are held firmly by the electromagnetic force. The most stable hadrons are neutrons and protons that are the components of atomic nuclei.

There are 6 types of quarks which are in the image below.

Types of quarks.

In 1964, two physicists independently proposed the existence of the subatomic particles known as quarks. Physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig were working independently on a theory for strong interaction symmetry in particle physics.

Quarks are one of the basic building blocks of the universe. Therefore, quarks are fundamental constituent of a matter.

2.Leptons: These are the subatomic particles that are not affected by strong forces (a fundamental interaction of nature that acts between subatomic particles of matter.) . They only interact via the electromagnetic and weak forces (the weak force or weak nuclear force, a vital force of nature that underlies some forms of radioactivity.)

There are 6 types of leptons which are in the image below.

Types of leptons.

Muons and Tauons: Muons and tauons are heavier and highly unstable versions of the electron.

Neutrino: A neutrino is a subatomic particle that is very similar to an electron but has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero. Neutrinos are one of the most abundant particles in the universe. Because they have very little interaction with matter, however, they are tough to detect.

3. Bosons: A boson is a particle which carries a force. Bosons carry energy. Therefore, bosons are the particles which are responsible for all physical forces.

There are five type of boson’s as shown in the figure.

Types of boson’s

Gluon: Gluon is called the messenger particle of the strong nuclear force, which binds subatomic particles known as quarks within the protons and neutrons of stable matter as well as within more massive, short-lived particles created at high energies.

Photon: A photon is the smallest discrete amount or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. It is the basic unit of all light. They have zero mass and rest energy. Therefore, they only exist as moving particles and are stable.

W-Z Bosons: These are the elementary particles that mediate the weak interaction force in an atom.

Higgs Boson: It is a particle which can be called as the messenger particle, or boson, of the Higgs field. It is also called as the “God-Particle.”

Higgs Field: The Higgs field is a field of energy that to exists in every region of the universe. The area consists of a fundamental particle known as the Higgs boson, which is used by the field to interact with other particles continuously.

So these are the elementary particles. The study of the above particles is nothing but “Particle Physics.”

Simple Understanding Of The Complex Universe Part-8.

In the last article, we have understood the concept of wormholes. In this article, we shall understand the concept of “Chaos Theory.”

Chaos Theory:  In simple terms, we can define chaos theory as the study of how tiny variations can have huge effects within a moving system. In scientific terms, chaos theory, in science and mathematics, the study of apparently random or unpredictable behaviour in systems directed by deterministic laws.

Most of us think that chaos theory is a philosophical term rather than a scientific or physics term. But we forget the fact that science is the study of everything. Like most of the revolutionary physics discoveries like the theory of relativity, quantum physics etc., the chaos theory is also born when classical laws of physics are questioned. Let us understand the history of chaos theory.

History Of Chaos Theory: 

The history of Chaos Theory goes very long back in the realm of science, with Newtons Laws of Motion, it was believed that every movement in the space and around is predictable. As the math was perfect, no one questioned it. There were a few scientists who asked what would happen if the movements were not precise but were rejected due to lack of proof.

In the 1800s there was the concept of “Laplace’s demon” which changed the course of the standard physics. “Laplace’s Demon” concerns the idea of determinism, particularly the belief that the past ultimately determines the future. It is proposed by “Marquis Pierre Simon de Laplace”. This caught the eye many of the physicists and their many theories, but none could theoretically prove it. 

In the early 1900s, a French mathematician by the name “Henri Poincare” began studying orbits in the solar system. Initial work on the solar system, done by the physicists like Newton, had developed nice, finished equations that showed how orbits worked. Poincare decided to see what might happen if he added more elements into these equations.

When Poincare changed the initial starting point of some of the orbits in the solar system, he found very different results! Poincare found that even minimal changes to the initial equations made it almost impossible to predict how orbits might work. This discovery by Poincare led people to refer to him as the father of chaos.

In 1961 an MIT mathematician named “Edward Norton Lorenz” was running his weather calculations on a computer. He developed a computer program based on intricate mathematical formulas that generated weather patterns. After a few months, Lorenz decided he wanted to see the weather patterns again. So, he re-entered all of the data but got very different results! 

Lorenz was shocked to see this, and he checked the data very thoroughly. He found that he made a decimal error at a point, and the data was very different from which he got initially. By this, Lorenz developed “chaos theory.”

Chaos theory has a very widely used idea called “The Butterfly Effect.”

Butterfly Effect: It is a metaphor that is is meant to prove that small, unimportant events can lead to meaningful results over time. For example, if a butterfly flaps its wings in Tokyo, there might be a tornado in Texas. 

Now let us understand the applications of Chaos Theory.

Applications Of Chaos Theory:

  • Turbulence: With the mathematical approach of chaos theory, we can understand and predict turbulence. 
  • Weather: Using the math of chaos theory, we can predict the weather, as weather is non linear. 
  • Stock Market: Using the equations of chaos theory, and by adjusting its values, we can predict the stock market results.

We can say that chaos theory can be used when the data is not linear, and we need accurate results using the same non-linear data.

Simple Understanding Of The Complex Universe Part-7

In the last article, we have understood the concept of a black hole, and it’s applications. In this article, let us know the idea of wormholes.

Wormhole: In simple terms, a wormhole is like a tube connecting two places in space. By travelling through the wormhole, you could travel large distances across space exceptionally faster.

As of now, wormholes are a theoretical concept. If a wormhole is created, you can theoretically travel faster than the speed of light from one point to another in the universe. According to the math, wormholes are very unstable and collapse immediately once they are formed. 

Let us try to understand the history of the wormholes.

Pictorial representation of wormhole.

History of wormholes: 

Wormholes were first theorized in 1916, While reviewing another physicist’s solution to the equations in Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity, Austrian physicist “Ludwig Flamm” realized another solution was possible. He described a “white hole,” a theoretical time reversal of a black hole. A space-time conduit could connect entrances to both black and white holes.

In 1935, “Einstein” and physicist “Nathan Rosen” used the theory of general relativity to develop on the idea, proposing the existence of “bridges” through space-time. These bridges connect two different points in space-time, theoretically creating a shortcut that could reduce travel time and distance. The shortcuts came to be called “Einstein-Rosen bridges”, or wormholes.

Theoretically, a wormhole can be created by creating two black holes opposite to each other. The black holes suck in all the horizons of each other and leave a tunnel to pass through. If a wormhole is ever to be formed, it must have a matter called “exotic matter.”

Exotic matter: These are hypothetical particles and states of matter that have “exotic” physical properties that would violate laws of physics, such as a particle having a negative mass.

Imagine a particle having a negative mass; it will move away from the direction where a force is applied. That is the reason even if a wormhole is created, it collapses as the force acts inwards very fast due to the negative mass effect. 

Applications of a wormhole:

  • Time travel is possible if we can create a wormhole. According to special relativity, time slows down when we approach the speed of light. But in a wormhole, we can travel faster than the speed of life. By this, the time stops, and we can travel through it. 
  • If we can create a wormhole, we can make the fastest mode of transport. As wormholes act like a tube of travel between two points, you can travel between them faster than the speed of light.
  • By reversing the properties of the wormhole, we can create a controlled black hole and study the properties of the same and uncover the secrets of the universe. 

Let us hope that the scientists can create a wormhole and can be used for the betterment of human life. 

Simple Understanding Of The Complex Universe Part-6.

In the last article, we have understood the concept of antimatter and its applications. In this article, let us know the concept of black holes.

Blackhole: In simple terms, we can define blackhole as space which has a powerful gravitational force. So strong that even light can’t escape it. In physics terms, A black hole is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, no particles or even electromagnetic radiation such as light can escape from it. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole.

Black holes are formed when dying star implodes itself at the centre and creates a “supernova”. A supernova is a star that increases significantly in brightness because of a catastrophic explosion that expels most of its mass. As even light cant escape black hole, black holes are not visible to the naked eye. 

There are two main parts of a black hole, the event horizon and singularity. Let us try to understand them.

  1. Event Horizon:  It is the boundary surrounding the region of space of a black hole from which nothing (not even light) can escape.
  2. Singularity: In the heart of a black hole is a gravitational singularity, a one-dimensional point which holds a huge mass in an infinitely tiny space. The density and gravity become infinite and spacetime curves infinitely. The laws of physics as we know them to cease to operate.

If we fall inside a black hole, we don’t get sucked in like a vacuum cleaner. If we fall inside, we get stretched vertically and compressed horizontally. We are stretched to an extent where you become hot stram of plasma. As gravity acts like a million times more than the standard gravity, your body becomes a massive massacre. But for the nth zeptosecond you are in the black hole, you can see the universe in fast-forward like looking into the future.

The sun of our solar system cannot be turned into a black hole as it is not massive enough to explode. But hypothetically if it turns, there will be no effect of planets as the gravitational force in the solar system would be the same. But we will freeze to death due to lack of sunlight. Let us understand the history of the black hole.

History Of Black Hole: Albert Einstein first predicted the existence of black holes in 1916, with his general theory of relativity. The term “black hole” was coined many years later in 1967 by American astronomer John Wheeler. After decades of black holes being known only as theoretical objects, the first physical black hole ever discovered was spotted in 1971. 

In 2017, using eight telescopes known as “Event Horizon Telescopes,” the first image of the black hole was captured.

First black hole image.

Applications Of Blackhole:

  1. Black Holes gives us a way of studying abstract concepts like gravity and general relativity, magnetic field and many properties of these concepts.
  2. A supermassive black hole is theorized to be at the centre of every galaxy, implying it is necessary for the existence of a galaxy.
  3.  It explains the concept of Tidal Forces.
  4. It accounts for a significant amount of mass in the universe.
  5.  A moving or spinning black hole can hypothetically create a wormhole, a way of transitioning across space faster than light. It is hoped that in the future some means of transport can be founded to help us travel in these portals, which may lay the base for the search of extraterrestrial beings and uncommon minerals and elements.

Simple Understanding Of The Complex Universe Part-5.

In the last article, we have understood the concept of dark matter, dark energy their properties and applications. In this article, we shall understand the concept of “antimatter.” Before that, let us make sure we understand the concept of “matter.”

Matter: Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. All the matter contains small particles called atoms. An atom contains protons, neutrons, electrons and a nucleus. Atoms are building blocks of everything we touch in the real world. The protons, neutrons and electrons are called “Subatomic particles.”

Protons: A proton is a stable subatomic particle that is present in the nucleus of the atom. Protons have a positive electric charge.

Neutron: A neutron is also a stable subatomic particle present in the nucleus of the atom. Neutrons have no electric charge.

Electron: An electron is a stable subatomic particle orbiting around the nucleus of an atom. Electrons are negatively charged and are responsible for carrying electricity in solids. 

Nucleus: Nucleus is a positively charged part of an atom which contains almost all the mass of it. It is the centre of the atom. 

So these are the fundamental properties of matter. Now let us learn what antimatter is.

Antimatter:  Antimatter refers to subatomic particles that have properties opposite to standard subatomic particles. As we know, the normal matter has protons, neutrons and electronics as subatomic particles. Even antimatter has them. They are as follows. 

Positron:  A positron is the opposite of an electron. It has a positive electric charge. 

Antiproton: Antiproton is the opposite of proton. It has a negative electric charge.

When a typical atom and anti atom collide, they annihilate each other and releases energy. It is believed that the big bang has created equal amounts of matter and antimatter. If this is true, why there less than 1% of the antimatter found in cosmos that we have studied so far? Scientists are still trying to figure this out. Let us try to understand the history of antimatter.

History Of Antimatter:  The term antimatter was first used by “Arthur Schuster” in 1898. He proposed anti-atoms, their behaviour, their existence in the solar system and what happens when the atom and anti atom collide. However, these were not considered serious due to lack of substantial proof.

In 1928, “Paul Dirac” developed a theory, which is now known as the “Dirac equation”. He combined quantum mechanics (which explains subatomic particles) with Einstein’s special relativity (which describes a world on a larger scale). It explained how electrons, travelling at near light-speed, behave. Paul used the positive charge and negative charge for the electron in the equation, and the results were astonishingly the same. Thus he theoretically discovered the “Positron” for which he is considered as “Father of Antimatter” and won a Nobel prize in 1933.

In 1932, “Carl D Anderson” passed cosmic rays through a gas chamber (Particle detector) and studied its tracks. To his surprise, he discovered a positively charged particle which has a mass equal to that of an electron. Thus positron is found, which is the experimental proof of antimatter. He won Nobel prize for the same in 1936.

In 1995, scientists at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) made the first antihydrogen by colliding antiprotons with xenon atoms. This collision produces a positron, which was attracted by another antiproton. The antimatter costs $2700 trillion per gram! It is made at CERN to study the nature of the particles. 

Now we have understood the history of it, let us try to understand the applications of antimatter. 

Applications Of Antimatter:

The concept of antimatter led to the foundation of PET ( Positron Emission Tomography), which is used to detect cancers, heart diseases, and many other diseases.

Antimatter studies show that it can be used to treat cancer. By carrying them safely through human skin tissue, the particles of antimatter can react with cancer tumor matter and efficiently eradicate it.

Antimatter can be used as fuel for interstellar space travel. Antimatter collides with matter an explosion occurs, and the two particles and releases energy. Antimatter is considered a perfect fuel since all the collision between matter and antimatter can be converted to energy.

Antimatter can be used to create explosives and other weapons. They will be ten times more powerful than the most powerful nuclear weapons. Because nuclear reactions only release 10% of their energy while gives all 100%.

The major drawbacks of antimatter are its scarcity and production cost. Let us hope that in the future we might find a way to produce the antimatter at a cheaper cost so that we can use the antimatter to its fullest potential. 

Simple Understanding Of the Complex Universe.

We all are curious in one way or the other in understanding the mysteries of the universe. All have different curiosities from feeling the beauty of the universe, getting intrigued by the complexity of it to loving the elegance of it. Let us try to understand the same in simple terms.

If we need to understand something, we need to go to the base level of it and come up by understanding all the necessary information. For example, to understand and read a sentence in any language, we need to learn the alphabets, their sounds, punctuations so and so forth.

In the realm of science, the branch that deals with matter, its motion and behaviour through space and time is “physics.” The main goal of physics is to understand how the universe works. So, we will take help of physics and come up from the base level to understand the universe.

Everything around us consists of “matter”, and the definition of matter is anything that occupies space and has mass. From small sand grain to a complex structured human being everything is made of matter. Matter consists of tiny particles called “atoms”. As we all know, atoms have protons, neutrons, electrons and unstable nucleus.

It is the definition of “Subatomic particles” or “elemantary particles.” These are the basic building blocks of atoms and in turn, building blocks of everything. The particles are so small that light passes through them. For something to be visible to an eye, the light must touch them and reflect on our eye.

Elementary particles representation.

We can decrease the wavelength of the light and try to see these particles. However, as per the wave theory, when the wavelength decreases, the energy of the wave increases. So when the more energy wave touches these particles, it alters them. So we cant measure them precisely.

This fact or phenomenon is called “Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle” this is bases of all “Quantum Physics.” In rudimentary terms the Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle states, we cannot determine the position and the momentum ( in other words, speed) at the same time. If we calculate momentum, we cannot calculate the position and vice versa.

Quantum physics is the representation of the smallest things in the universe, and it describes how elementary particles work and interact with light. Quantum physics helps us with the fundamental rules of how the universe works. We do not know the nature of the subatomic particles, but we know they exist.

So how can we do science with them if we cannot see them? The physicists took the mathematical approach on them. It is the story of the “point particle.” Physicists decided that they would pretend a particle is a point in space. For example, an electron is a point with a specific electric charge, and a certain mass and all are indistinguishable with each other.

This way, physicists were able to define and calculate all their interactions mathematically. In other words, this is the definition of “Quantum field theory.” It solved many problems, and all of the standard models of particle physics stands on it. When the calculations of a few quantum properties of electrons are done, the results are accurate up to 0.000000000000.2%. They are not points, but by treating them as points, we get a better understanding of the universe.

Till now, the story is good. We got the right approach, but there is one problem “Gravity.” In quantum mechanics, all physical forces are carried by some particles. However, according to the Einsteins theory of general relativity, the gravity is not like other forces of the universe. In simple words, gravity is the geometry of spacetime itself of distances which we need to describe with absolute precision.

However, as the point articles are free in space, there is no way to measure things with exact precision in the quantum world. When the physicists tried to add gravity to this story with mathematics, the math broke down, and the calculations were very different and inaccurate. It is a massive problem as the particles should obey the laws of gravity and give the same results under gravity as well.

When we combine quantum physics with the standard model, we got the perfect theory of everything. Everything can be proven mathematically with precision. Some of the genius physicists came with a new story, they questioned what is more complicated than a point? A group or set of points or a line or a string. It is how “string theory” was born, which helps us understand everything in this universe.

String theory states that the fundamental elements of the universe are one-dimensional “strings” rather than point-like particles what we observe as particles are vibrations in loops of string, each with its characteristic frequency. In string theory, one of the vibrational states of the string gives rise to the graviton, a quantum mechanical particle that carries gravitational force. By this, we combine the quantum physics and standard model.

Pictorial Representation Of String Theory.

It is like a guitar string when pulled instead of making sounds each vibration is a different particle. There are currently ten dimensions in string theory. When we express the particles in all the ten dimensions, Einstein’s relativity equations pop out which are the theoretical proofs of gravity. So this solves the Gravity conundrum of quantum physics.

Thus string theory helps us understand the universe effortlessly and straightforwardly. String Theory contributed to many mathematical approaches which apply to a variety of problems in black hole physics, early universe cosmology, nuclear physics, and condensed matter physics, and it has stimulated several significant developments in pure mathematics.

The drawback of the string theory is that we cannot prove it experimentally as we have learnt that we cannot see the elementary particles. By mathematics, this is the closest theory to the “Theory Of Everything.” It helps us understand the complex universe with an elegant approach.

The Divine Possession

The priest is walking back to his house. It’s midday, and the sun is burning his shaved head. He put his both palms on his head, trying to cover the heat. “We need more trees here” he thought and started walking quicker as his feet were burning too. He finally reached his home, which is in a spacious land, but a small cottage. It has a big lawn with a Tulsi plant in the middle. “Manga!” the priest called his wife out. There is a water drum placed outside the main door. The priest washed his feet, hands and head. His wife rushed out with a towel. “Where is Ambika?” asked the priest. “She is at Devi’s house, writing homework” Manga replied passing the sheet to him. The priest started rubbing his wet body and walked into the living room. He sat down, and Manga put a half torn banana leaf in front of him. He took some water into his hand dropped a few drops around the plate and chanted some mantras while Ambika walked in. He looked at Ambika leaving her slippers un-organised and coming in. “Wash your legs, fool!” he yelled. Ambika bit her tongue and went back to the veranda. She put her hands inside the tub and started playing with the water.

“Use a mug, Ambi” her mother yelled from inside. Ambika giggles and dipped all her hands inside the tub. She took a handful of water and looked at the mosquito larvae swimming around in the palmful of water. Manga peeped through the door and saw Ambika still playing with the drum; dipping her hands in. Manga started running towards Ambika; as soon as she reached Ambi, she spanked her so hard that Ambika fell on the ground. Manga did not intend to hit her that hard, she started trembling as Ambi is not moving. “Ayyo” Manga began to yell in a rather horrific way that made Seshulu jump. Seshulu left his plate and rushed to Manga. “Why is Ambi on the ground? What did you do?” he cried. “I don’t know dear. Please wake her up! Please do something!” Manga started moving back shaking. She did not want to see her daughter wounded or dead. She started regretting beating her. Seshulu bent closer to Ambi and held her both arms. “Ammulu, are you ok?” he asked, but there is no response. He turned her around, facing the sky and took some water from the tub. He sprinkled some drops on her face.

Ammulu opened her mouth and started making weird noises. Seshulu looked at his wife, Manga with a confused expression. “Ammulu” he called her and shook her to wake her up. Ammulu opened her eyes rather dramatically “You fools!” she yelled in a coarse voice. Seshulu got shocked and is just staring at Ammulu standing up. Ammulu sat down in a manly way. She started shaking around, making weird noises. “Arghhh” she shouted, and Seshulu’s jaw dropped. “Mother!” he said. “Manga, it is the mother goddess, she possessed our ammulu, call the neighbours!” he yelled. Manga started running out; slipped and fell near the gate. Neighbour, Basavamma saw Manga fall and rushed to lift her up. “Ayyo Manga! Why are you in a rush?” Basavamma asked while she is holding Manga’s hand and lifting her.

“My daughter, Basu. She has been possessed by the goddess. Please come inside. Help me call the others, will you Basu?” Manga moaned standing up. “You go inside Manga, I will call everyone” Basavamma said and rushed towards the others. Manga walked in and peeped through the door. Seshulu is applying turmeric on the face of their daughter as she is shaking. Manga went in and started rubbing turmeric too. Seshulu started murmuring few chants as Manga put a big blob of kumkum (saffron and turmeric) on the forehead of Ambika. Ambi kept shaking and making a weird noise as the villagers started rushing in one by one. Basavamma brought neem leaves and put them in Ambika’s hands. Ambi caught them tightly and moved more vigorously. “Is everyone here?” Ambi asked randomly. “Yes, Mother” the people yelled. Ambika started calling names of the people suddenly. “Yadagiri” she called and Yadagiri got excited “Yes, Mother” he said. She began calling names of everyone like she is taking some attendance. After calling out many names, she looked at Basavamma. “Basavamma! Call the ones who have not turned up. Tell them Mother is calling them” she said and closed her eyes again, but she remembered something suddenly. “Don’t call Chanakya, he is a disbeliever” she said. “Why don’t you call themselves, Amma? We even have telephones in all our homes” a voice asked from the main door. It is Chanakya! Ambi closed her eyes, “Kick that fool out!” she yelled. “Get lost you atheist scum, this is no place for the likes of you” Basavamma pushed Chanakya. Chanakya bent on his knees and started praying her. “After witnessing this miracle with my own eyes, I have turned into a believer. Please accept me, Mother!” Chanakya requested. Ambi thought for a while and let Chanakya in, and everyone started asking questions to the mother. “When will the crop yield this year, Mother?” Rajappa asked. Ambi thought for a while and said “When the birds fly low to the south, crops will sow. The crops won’t wither depending on the weather” she said, and Rajappa got confused. “But, Mother?” he asked as the villagers were clapping and praising for her little poetic answer. “Why don’t you help un-intelligent people like I and Rajappa by answering in straight lines, Mother?” Chanakya asked, and Ambi ignored the question. The next half an hour passed with more questions and poetic answers followed by praises.

Chanakya lost his chill and started pushing people in his way. He sat in front of Ambi as she gulped. He observed her gulp. “Mother, will you help me with my problem?” He asked. Ambi looked at him and gestured him to ask. “What is the equation of Force?” he asked, and everyone is shocked. “Hey, physics teacher! Get out and let us ask real-life questions” Ramulu yelled. “For me, this is a real-life problem, Ramulu anna (brother)” Chanakya said politely and looked at Ambi. “Mass times the acceleration, my son” Ambi started shaking. “Good mother. So you do know physics!” Chanakya clapped. Seshulu got angry and pulled Chanakya closer. “Fool! You are talking to the mother goddess. Be wise and ask helpful questions!” he shouted.

“What’s Bernoulli’s principle?” he asked, and Ambi pretends like she didn’t listen to it. “Move away, imbecile. Are you testing the goddess?” Seshulu shouted angrily and pushed Chanakya. “Don’t hurt Ambi! Treat her carefully! She is my manifestation. As you have wasted my time with silly questions. I’m hurt and leaving. If you treat Ambika good by giving her what she needs, I will be pleased to revisit you sometime” Ambi hissed coarsely and fell on the ground. Everyone began looking at Chanakya angrily, and Ramulu dragged Chanakya and threw him on the ground. “You wasted all our chances, you dumb man!” Ramulu yelled and spat beside Chanakya. Everyone is pushing him out as Seshulu shouted angrily. “Everyone leave immediately!” Seshulu demanded.

“Chanakya, you stay!” he ordered. Everyone touched Ambika’s feet and moved out as Chanakya stayed back. “Why did you ask her specifically about that one question?” Seshulu asked as Manga lifted Ambika and took her inside. “Because Ambika failed to answer that in today’s class. In fact, I came to your home to tell you that she is terrible at physics. I wanted to ask you if you can permit me to tutor her in your home. People like Ambika are creative, and they need to be taught creatively. You saw how she convinced you all that she was possessed by divine” Chanakya laughed “She’s smart and got wits” he added. Seshulu is shaken and couldn’t accept the fact that he got conned by his daughter. “I don’t believe you. You are an atheist” Seshulu said in doubt. ‘If God existed, he would definitely know the Bernoulli’s principle, because he wrote Bernoulli’s fate and guided him right?” Chanakya asked, and Seshulu is blank. “It is ok. Regardless of your belief, it will be useful if you allowed me to teach her in a way she understands or she will get crushed in the system that respects marks than wit” Chanakya asked once again. “It’s late, I better go” he started leaving as Seshulu fell in a dilemma. He went inside and looked at Ambika lying on the couch watching TV. “What happened with me, nanna (father)?” she asked Seshulu. “I don’t know, Ammu” Seshulu said and went back to his room as she continued watching TV.

She is watching a Telugu film about a goddess in her human manifest.